#RajaRamMohanRoy is a great historical figure who put laudable efforts to transform India and dared to defy the age-old custom traditions. He is considered as the pioneer of modern Indian Renaissance for the remarkable reforms he brought in the 18th and 19th century India. He undertook a lot of social reforms to change the society and worked to uplift the status of women in India. He campaigned for rights for women, including the right for widows to remarry, and the right for women to hold property. He actively opposed Sati system and the practice of polygamy.
He put remarkable efforts in the education system of India. To modernize the education system, he established many English schools; set up the Hindu collage at Calcutta in 1822; assisted Alexander Duff to establish the General Assembly’s Institution and promoted and urged that science, technology, western medicine and English should be taught at Indian schools. Being a great scholar he translated many books, religious and philosophical work and scriptures into Bengali and also translated Vedic scriptures into English. In 1828, he founded one of the most significant socio-religious institutions of modern day India—the Brahmo Samaj. It was a very influential movement that did not discriminate between people belonging to different religions, castes or communities. For his diverse activities and contributions to society, Raja Ram Mohan Roy is regarded as one of the most important figures in Indian history and is considered as ‘Maker of Modern India’ and ‘Father of Modern India’ and ‘Father of the Bengal Renaissance.’